Karaman is one of the most prominent scholars of Islam in Turkey, and the pre-eminent scholar of Islamic law (Sharia) there. He publishes popular academic texts extensively and writes a weekly column in the newspaper Yeni Safak (New Dawn). His long career in academia has garnered him much respect. At the pinnacle of his career, Karaman was a dean at Turkey’s premier university, Marmara University. He left this position at the height of the headscarf controversy in 2001.