Madani is the President of the Jamiat Ulama-i-Hind, a group which strongly opposed the creation of a separate Muslim state of Pakistan. In 2006, Maulana Syed Arshad Madani succeeded his brother, Maulana Syed Asad Madani, but since 2008, the group has been split into two factions. Maulana Arshad is also a noted scholar. He is a professor at the Dar Uloom, Deoband, as well as having served as Director of Studies there. He also supervises much social work and heads a number of Islamic seminaries and bodies and is an adviser to eight international Islamic schools.