Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi is the leader of DA’ISH. DA’ISH has been responsible for numerous massacres and atrocities and while they have spared none who disagree with them, their attacks on religious minorities have received particular media attention. Their heyday seems to be over as they have lost all territory they held in Syria and Iraq. A video posted in early 2019 was the first video of him in five years. The message acknowledged the losses of Da’ish, and stated that this is expected in a war of attrition. He also named a successor- Abdullah Qardash.There are no confirmed reports of Bahghdadi’s background, but some reports say that Al-Baghdadi was born near Samarra, Iraq, and holds a PhD in Islamic Studies from the University of Islamic Sciences in the Baghdad suburb of Adhamiya.